By Iris Krebber, Senior Livelihoods Adviser - Land Policy Lead, Growth and Resilience Department, Department for International Development (DFID), UK
A new DFID Land Topic Guide for the international land community with a summary of the latest thinking around contemporary global land issues in developing countries, beginning by addressing the key topics around large-scale land acquisition.
Referencing data from the Land Matrix, the International Land Coalition’s database on land deals, the guide reports that 50 percent of concluded global land deals (involving more than 200 hectares since 2000) are in Africa. Most are in countries that have large populations dependent on agriculture, and a serious, or even alarming, problem with hunger.
The Land Topic Guide discusses the drivers behind such deals; provides a summary of the evidence of their risks, costs and benefits; and a framework for approaching broader issues in land governance.
A discussion of reactions to rising interest in land at national and international levels includes an analysis of key international and regional initiatives such as the FAO Voluntary Guidelines on Land Tenure and the G8 2013 land commitments. It also includes a section about the global donor working group on land.
The third section addresses land reform and policy – identifying types, impacts and risks -- and addressing the gender impacts of land reform. The section includes a brief history of donor engagement in the land sector, as well as a discussion of the debate around the role of land titling. The final section looks at land issues in fragile and conflict-affected states.
The topic guide highlights three detailed case studies: firstly, a case study on the Rwanda Land Tenure Regularisation programme; secondly, land policy development in Mozambique; and thirdly, a case study on land issues in Burma. It signposts additional reliable sources for users, and underscores the remaining gaps in knowledge and evidence. The task ahead is to fill these gaps, and to translate knowledge into land policies and practice that promote sustainable development and leave no one behind.
- DFID Land Topic Guide – Evidence on Demand 14.03.19
- DFID Land Topic Guide – Case Study onLand in Mozambique 14.03.14
- DFID Land Topic Guide – Case Study on Land Tenure Regularisation in Rwanda 14.03.14