Two-thirds of Africans depend mainly on agriculture for their food security, incomes and livelihoods, yet lack secure rights to their land. They farm small plots with minimal resources, and their farm productivity is far below what is possible.
But to grow more food and develop their farms as viable businesses, farmers need secure rights to their land and critical natural resources. Secure rights provide incentives for long-term investments in the sustainable use of natural resources, such as planting trees or terracing hillsides. They enable farmers to access bank loans and finance needed farm improvements.
As demand for land in Africa increases, smallholder farmers must have the power to resist efforts by local elites and foreign investors to take their land, or, at a minimum, to be fairly compensated if the government acquires their land for a legitimate public purpose. Documenting land rights can make them more secure.
Ultimately, secure land and natural resource rights translate into increased food-security, income, opportunity and respect for small-holder farmers.