Photography Sources

For the generous sharing of their photographs, FOLA would particularly like to thank:

CIAT, International Center for Tropical Agriculture, a member of the CGIAR Consortium;

CIFOR, Center for International Forestry Research, a member of the CGIAR Consortium;

Deborah Espinosa, Landesa;

USAID, United States Agency for International Development;

and the many other photographers whose images appear on these pages. Unless otherwise noted, photographs are accessed from Flickr Creative Commons.

Country Summary Sources

Country summaries draw from a variety of sources, including:

USAID Land Tenure and Property Rights Portal: usaidlandtenure.net

United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, African Economic Outlook 2013, http://www.uneca.org/publications/african-economic-outlook-2013

Focus on Land in Africa briefs

Country Infographic Sources

POPULATION DATA

Total Population: World Bank. 2013. Development Indicators. (accessed 20 May 2013).

Rural population: World Bank. 2013. Development Indicators. (accessed 20 May 2013).

Share of women in agriculture: World Bank. 2013. Development Indicators. (accessed 20 May 2013).

Urban population/urban poverty rate: World Bank. 2013. Development Indicators. (accessed 20 May 2013).

Internally displaced people: World Bank. 2013. Development Indicators. (accessed 20 May 2013).

 

LAND USE DATA

Total land area/Agricultural land as % of total: World Bank. 2013. Development Indicators. (accessed 20 May 2013).

Protected areas: World Bank. 2013. Development Indicators. (accessed 20 May 2013).

Forested land: World Bank. 2013. Development Indicators. (accessed 20 May 2013).

Annual deforestation rate: Mongabay. (accessed 20 May 2013).

 

LAND ACCESS DATA

Land Rights and Access Rating: Millennium Challenge Corporation Scorebook, 2009, Land Rights and Access

Time required to register property (number of calendar days needed for businesses to secure rights to property and money), the World Bank Group, World Development Indicators

Women’s ownership rights: 0=no discrimination in women’s right to acquire land; 1=complete discrimination. Source: OECD Development Centre. Gender. Institutions and Development Database. (accessed 20 May 2013).

Large-scale land holdings transactions (number of hectares contracted): International Land Coalition.  Land Matrix (accessed July 2013).

 

ECONOMIC DATA

GDP per capita: World Bank. 2013. Development Indicators. (accessed 20 May 2013).

Agriculture as % of GDP: World Bank. 2013. Development Indicators. (accessed 20 May 2013).

Natural resource income as % of GDP: World Bank. 2013. Development Indicators. (accessed 20 May 2013).

Major natural resources: Central Intelligence Agency. 2012. World Factbook

Tourism as a share of GDP: World Travel and Tourism Council.  Travel and Tourism Economic Impact 2013: Country Reports (accessed 20 May 2013).

 

Brief sources and review process

All briefs represent original material developed by the authors for FOLA, and represent the individual views of the authors.  Sources are referenced at the end of each brief.  Every brief is peer reviewed by at least two land rights experts.